In 2016, I was fortunate to make contact with the environmental news site, Mongabay. The group support my travel to the Tapajós region of the Brazilian Amazon where approximately 40 new hydropower dams are being planned. The region is facing other environmental threats as well, such as a shipping canal that would lead from the heart of Mato Grosso state to the Atlantic Ocean along the course of the Tapajós River. Thanks to a former AMARC employee, I made contact with Father Edilberto Sena in the city of Santarém. He founded the Amazon News Network, which I profiled for Mongabay. I also reported on the conflict and tensions between small-scale gold miners in the region and local indigenous populations. In the city of Altamira, the hub for the disastrous Belo Monte dam project, I interviewed traditional fisherfolk whose needs have been almost entirely overlooked by those planning mitigation measures for the dam.
This work would not have been possible without the support I received from a range of people, from the Movimento de Atingidos por Barragens (MAB), the environmental NGO Xingu Vivo, and the Federal Public Ministry, among others.
In August, just before the Olympics, I had the pleasure to collaborate with Ana Terra Athayde on a story for the Guardian. The piece focused on the growing trend among Afro-Brazilian women to use natural hairstyles instead of straightening their hair. Whether in braids, afros, or dread locks, more women are embracing their natural beauty, and with it, their political and social power.
The outbreak of Zika and the associated cases of microcephaly in Brazil have terrified many, and as the Rio Olympics draw near, the media are returning to the issue. Earlier this year, Al Jazeera English published my report from Recife on how gender, race and class play into this scenario. Recife is a majority Black city, yet wealth is unevenly distributed, and most low-income residents are people of color. One women’s rights advocate explained that women also represent the bulk of Brazil’s self-employed workers, which means they have no sick leave or safety net.
And while Brazil is fumigating to control the mosquito population, public health researchers sustain that mosquito-borne diseases like Zika, Chikungunya and Dengue, which are devastating the population, will be controlled more effectively once Brazil ensures universal access to running water and sewer systems.
About a year ago, I spoke with a friend who works as an immigration attorney and focuses on assisting young people who have migrated alone to the US from Central America. He told me about the practice in Guatemala of people signing away their homes as collateral on loans to pay a human smuggler to come to the US. The people get three attempts at crossing the border, and then they must pay back the loan. For many who don’t make it to the US, this means the threat of losing one’s home and the reality of struggling to pay back the loan in a country where most people work in the informal economy and earn a few hundred dollars a month.
The Fund for Investigative Journalism very generously accepted my request for support to travel to Guatemala and do this reporting. It would not have been possible otherwise. I also owe a huge debt to Álvaro Caballeros, who provided data and insight, Julia Gonzaléz, and Rachael Bale, who offered excellent tips on conducting my investigation and shaping the stories that emerged. Two printed reports came out of my time in Guatemala, one for Al Jazeera English, and another for Al Jazeera America. I´m also working on a radio piece for Making Contact.
I started hearing about human trafficking in Wisconsin shortly after my return in 2014. Finally this fall I started to look into what I was hearing. The result was this piece for the Guardian, which was the most-shared story of the day when it went up in early November. There is much more to this issue, and this report focuses only on minors and only on those caught up in sex trafficking. There is, of course, trafficking that doesn’t involve sex, just as there is labor trafficking that does. This work introduced me to Claudine O’Leary along with others in the Milwaukee area who are on the front lines with the young people involved. They are the ones who made this report possible and who are raising awareness that sex trafficking happens in the US every day; it’s not something that just takes place overseas.
Shortly after this was published, Pacific Standard Magazine posted my analysis of the federal lawsuit filed to challenge Wisconsin’s 2011 redistricting plan. The Whitford vs. Nichol lawsuit differs from other lawsuits arguing partisan bias because it is presenting a method for determining whether redistricting processes are fair to the two major parties. Eric McGhee and Nick Stephanopolous developed the “efficiency gap” tool set out in the lawsuit.
NPR’s Morning Edition carried my story about Kat Becker and Tony Schultz’s Stoney Acres farm in Athens, WI yesterday. They have been making pizza with ingredients entirely from their organic farm since 2012. In addition to providing an income stream to the farm, the Friday-night pizza events are also offering residents a space to connect and get to know each other.
I owe a debt of thanks to Allison Mills who suggested I look into the Creativist (now Atavist) platform for this project. Below is a link to the project I put together after my eight months in Brazil exploring the issues affecting women, especially women fisher folk, south of Recife near the Suape Port and Industrial Complex. The idea was to explore the impact that an expanding port and industrial complex (complete with a brand new Petrobras refinery) was having on the women and the environment that sustains their livelihoods. There is much more to say about this and the overall impact, but the link below will take you to the multi-media piece that I have finally finished.
This project was only possible thanks to the tremendous generosity I found in Pernambuco from people like Renato Amram Athias, Méle Dornelas and Diana Moura. The Centro das Mulheres de Cabo de Santo Agostinho deserves acknowledgement as well for all the connections and support they provided.
Since I started this project, Petrobras has come under investigation for corruption, corruption exemplified by the Suape refinery. Brazil’s economy has slowed down significantly, and the country’s political landscape is much more unstable than it was. The stories in this piece are stories you would not likely hear elsewhere. They come from the grassroots and express some of the realities of people who have been living a subsistence lifestyle in the midst of an expanding capitalist project. Please share the link widely.
For the past few months, I have had the privilege of working with the Guardian to cover the issues related to Tony Terrell Robinson, Jr.’s shooting at the hands of a police officer in Madison, WI. The story I did about the initial aftermath of that tragedy highlighted the city’s racial disparities, putting Robinson’s death in a larger context. In the days and weeks that followed, I worked closely with the Guardian’s outstanding senior reporter, Oliver Laughland, to reveal that Robinson had taken magic mushrooms the day of his death and that his close friends, Javier and Anthony Limon, were unlawfully arrested by Madison police in the immediate aftermath of the shooting. All my US coverage for the Guardian is available here: htttp://www.theguardian.com/profile/zoe-sullivan
Roughly 5000 women participate in Pernambuco’s “straw hat” community education course for fisher women. Unlike their male counterparts, who generally use boats to fish off-shore, the women fisher folk are marisqueiras, shellfish women. They collect mollusks, sand crabs, brown crabs and other shellfish from the tidal mangrove swamps that hug the state’s coast. They do the work barefoot since they can since up to their mid-calves in the muddy terrain. At times, the women will be waist deep in water or higher as they pry mussels from tree branches or coax small crabs out from their shelter among the mangrove trees. Marisqueiras subsist on what they catch, which generally supplements the income the men in the household earn on the water or through other work.
But the marisqueiras say that the conditions in the mangrove swamps has deteriorated dramatically over the past several years. The decline corresponds to expansions at the Suape Port and Industrial Complex which houses two shipbuilding firms, a coca-cola bottling plant, and various chemical companies, among other enterprises.
The complex is located roughly 2 hours south of the state capital, Recife, on a coast known for its beautiful beaches. For some, the expansion has led to job opportunities in the port complex, which contributes roughly 10% of the state’s revenues. For Brazil as a whole, the new oil refinery offers a way to process some of the country’s oil wealth and avoid paying a premium for refined products it has to import. For many others in the area, the expansion disrupted lives and livelihoods by displacing people from their homes and crippling damage to the mangrove swamps’ ecosystem.
I owe tremendous thanks to Valeria Maria de Alcântará, who is featured in this slideshow, as well as to Melé Dornelas of the Comité Pastoral da Pesca, which organizes subsistence fisherfolk like Ms. de Alcântará. Many others deserve recognition for their help: Helenilda Cavalcanti of the Fundaçao Joaquim Nabuco and Nivete Azevedo of the Centro das Mulheres do Cabo.